Essential Plant Nutrients

Essential Plant Nutrients

By Nutrienvisus Technologies Inc

Like us, every plant needs excellent nutrients to grow healthy. A plant that is growing with a lack of nutrients will have various issues such as: an inability to complete its life cycle, plants may not properly be able to develop roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. In the extreme case, plants poorly grow or don’t grow at all. 

Here’s a brief rundown of the different types of nutrients and their importance:

Primary Macronutrients

Primary macronutrients include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Plants need large amounts of primary macronutrients to support plant growth. The three main primary macronutrients in soil are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium - often referred to as NPK. Hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon are acquired from water (H2O) and air (CO2). Availability of NPK in soil is essential, since these elements are required for building plant cells such as: proteins, nucleic acids, ATP, chlorophyll, hormones, coenzymes, phospholipids. They are really important to support plant growth. Additionally, plants use potassium for osmoregulation.

Secondary Macronutrients

Secondary macronutrients are needed in smaller amounts compared to primary nutrients, but are nonetheless important for plant growth. Calcium, magnesium, and sulfur are important secondary macronutrients.

Calcium ions are vital for the regulatory functions of plants, their cell wall structure, and for signal transduction. Necrosis in meristems is a common symptom of calcium deficiency.

Magnesium  is extremely important because it’s a component of chlorophyll - the green pigment that absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis. Without magnesium energy production is not possible, and magnesium deficiency often leads to leaves dropping prematurely.

Sulfur is an important component of several coenzymes and proteins - notably protein electron transport proteins involved in photosynthesis. A lack of sulfur often leads to chlorosis and stunted growth.

Micronutrients or Trace Elements

Micronutrients are required in much smaller quantities than primary and secondary macronutrients, but are nonetheless essential for plant health. For example, iron is part of many photosynthesis components including cytochromes and ferredoxins, and is necessary for chlorophyll synthesis. Iron, though 100x less compared to magnesium, nonetheless plays a vital role in a plant’s energy production. In contrast, nickel is necessary for plants as it is an important cofactor for enzyme function during nitrogen metabolism, but only one nickel atom is found per every 60 million hydrogen atoms in a plant - excluding water! Even though micronutrients are needed in very small amounts, plants need it. 

Enviotin is composed of all those important nutrients to support plant growth. The ratio of primary and secondary macronutrients and micronutrients are perfect to give the optimum plant growth!

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